An electrical subcontractor agreement is a legal document between a subcontractor and a general contractor related to electrical system design, installation, and maintenance on a construction or other type of project.
When general contractors need to hire extra electricians for a single job or occasionally, electrical subcontractors are an excellent option.
Common Electrical Services
- Wiring and rewiring
- Surge protection
- Washer and dryer hookups
- Electrical panel upgrades
- Outlet and switch installation or repair
- Lighting upgrade, installation, repair
Hiring Electrical Subcontractors
Hiring electrical professionals should always be done with care. Make sure that they are qualified and trustworthy before signing an agreement.
Electrical Subcontractor vs Electrician
The distinction between subcontractors and electricians mostly comes down to licenses. An electrical subcontractor is a licensed professional who works under a general contractor or an electrical company on a contract basis. On the other hand, an electrician is either a lineman electrician, maintenance electrician, journeyman, or master electrician. Gaining these licenses requires more time and expertise than the licenses allowed for subcontractors.
An electrical contractor often hires subcontractors to help them during busy jobs, such as electrical work covering a large area or building. Electricians are called in for complex jobs requiring more expertise.
Types of Electrical Subcontractors
There are three main types of subcontractors hired for electric work.
- Residential subcontractors help with residential jobs, such as the power going out in a private home.
- Commercial subcontractors work with businesses and office spaces. They most often tackle jobs involving the wiring within the walls of the building.
- Line subcontractors are hired for jobs involving power lines.
Nearly every state in the US requires electrical professionals to obtain a license before performing electrical work. They will need a business license to operate, and they may need to acquire electrical licenses from official organizations.
Look up what licenses may be required in your state. Electrical contractors may also need permits from the city to do their work, so it is best to look into this.
The classifications for electrical licenses help any employers or customers to know the level of experience that the subcontractor has. Classifications may vary by state, but typically include:
- Power Limited Technician License: This is for a subcontractor who can install, repair, alter, layout, and supervise electrical wiring work. However, these technicians are generally limited in what they can do.
- Installer License: Divided into Class A and Class B, installer license holders are primarily trusted with installing electrical wiring systems.
- Lineman Electrician License: This allows an electrician to work on power lines.
- Maintenance Electrician License: This allows subcontractors to perform maintenance on electrical work, such as at an office or apartment building.
- Journeyman Electrician License: This is for an electrician who is reliable in all matters of electric work and established in the field. However, a journeyman is not necessarily an expert or outstanding in their area.
- Master Electrician License: This is typically the highest electrical professional license available. A master electrician has mastered all the work required in their field and is considered outstanding.
The electrical contractor license examination encompasses a wide array of essential topics that are imperative for individuals operating in the electrical sector. Irrespective of your state, you can rely on this examination to include inquiries about general electrical expertise, the National Electrical Code (NEC), and occupational safety protocols.
National Electrical Code (NEC)
There is also a national standard for safe installation, alteration, and repair of electrical wiring: the National Electric Code (NEC). This is not only a national standard but the world’s most widely accepted standard for electrical wiring. It is sponsored by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
The NEC offers accredited licensing to electrical professionals. Many institutions offer courses to trail electrical professionals and prepare them for their NEC certification. Though not mandatory by federal law, NEC certification is often required on a state level. Even where it is not, it’s best to require NEC certification to ensure whoever you hire is a professional and their work is safe.
Electrical Subcontractor Agreement Sample
Download your electrical subcontractor agreement template in PDF or Word.