An employment contract (or employment agreement) defines the terms of a legal binding agreement between an employee and employer such as compensation, duration, benefits, and other conditions of the employment relationship.
What is a Contract of Employment?
An employment contract recognizes a legal business relationship between an employer and employee. The contract of employment outlines the rights and responsibilities of both parties for the duration of employment. For example, the set of functions an employee will perform, and the salary the employer agrees to pay in return.
As a reference, people also refer to an employment contract as:
- Employment Agreement
- Work Contract
- Job Contract
- Contract of Employment
- Contract of Service
What is Included in an Employment Agreement?
A simple employment contract will identify the following basic elements:
- Employee: Name of person being hired to work.
- Employer: Name of company hiring the employee.
- Position: Title and description of employee’s role/s and responsibilities.
- Compensation: Amount of money paid per hour, week, or month, including any overtime, bonus(es), or commission, and the compensation schedule.
- Start Date: When the employee will start working for the employer.
- Term: Indefinite or fixed amount of time the employee is expected to work. For example, you may have all new employees sign a 1 year employment contract with and option for extension upon review.
- Benefits: Details about disability protection, health insurance, vacation, sick days, paid time off (PTO), maternity leave, and any other benefits.
However, many standard employment agreements also include provisional clauses that offer further legal protection for the company:
- Confidentiality: Also known as a non-disclosure agreement or confidentiality agreement, specifies that trade secrets, client lists, and sensitive information cannot be shared while working for this employer or future employers.
- Non-compete: A non-compete agreement prohibits the employee from working for competing companies or competing with the employer if they leave, including misusing confidential information.
- Non-solicitation: Employees may not recruit other co-workers to join them when they leave the company. Furthermore, the employee is not allowed to ask the company’s clients or customers to follow them to their new company. If you live in California, Montana, North Dakota, and Oklahoma, however, restrictive covenants are not allowed and employees are allowed to work for competitors.
- Probationary Period: A period of time where the employee is essentially “on trial” and may be terminated if deemed unsuitable.
- Termination: The reasons why the employee relationship may be ended.
- Work for Hire Clause: Anything created by the employee at work belongs to the company.
- Agency Provision: Clarifies that the employee does not have the authority to enter into a contract on behalf of the employer, unless there is written consent.
Additionally, an employment contract can require employees to give a certain amount of notice before quitting, so they can help hire or train their replacement. Furthermore, by documenting clear expectations and job responsibilities, an employment agreement letter allows employers to discipline and fire employees who do not meet work performance standards.
Without a written employment agreement form, an at will employment contract is usually implied. In other words, the employee is free to quit at any time, and the employer is free to fire the employee at any time – as long as the basis of dismissal is not deemed as wrongful termination.
An employment contract offers legal protection to both an employee and employer. In the event a dispute arises, both parties can refer to the original terms agreed to at the beginning of the working relationship.
Avoid mistreatment and legal repercussions for both parties by drafting an employment contract today.
Free Employment Contract Template & Sample (PDF & Word)
The standard employment contract template below defines all necessary terms of an employment relationship — terms which become legally binding when signed by the employer and employee.
Employment Contract Sample
The employment agreement sample below details an agreement between the employer, Susan C Clarke, and the employee, Rudolph M Hettinger. Susan C Clarke agrees to employ Rudolph M Hettinger as a Personal Assistant. This sample letter of agreement between employer and employee, Susan C Clarke and Rodolph M Hettinger, will become legally binding once signed by both parties.