An Alabama Firearm Bill of Sale is a document that helps prove the transfer of a gun between two parties.
The gun transfer process in the state is rather straightforward since Alabama has few requirements for transfer and possession, but it can be confusing if you are unfamiliar with federal, state, and local laws.
Therefore, a bill of sale helps interested parties take care of some details, like proving ownership in case police need to see who owns a firearm used in illegal activity.
Private Party Sale Requirements
Alabama generally follows federal law regarding in-state private-party gun sales and does not further restrict the process.
As a private party who wishes to sell firearms in Alabama, Title 13 Criminal Code, section § 13A-11-58, states that you may do so if you are a legal state resident.
There are penalties for selling a firearm to a minor per § 13A-11-57 or an ineligible person per § 13A-11-72.
Under Alabama law, people are prohibited from having a firearm if they have the following:
- A conviction of a crime of violence or violent offense
- A misdemeanor domestic violence offense
- A valid domestic abuse protection order against them
- A diagnosis of mental instability
- A habit of being drunk
- Are addicted to drug use
Firearm Inheritance Laws
If you wish to give your firearm as a family heirloom in an inheritance, Alabama does have laws that may affect your gift.
For your gift to be valid, the recipient must be legally allowed to own a firearm in Alabama.
This could occur if the recipient is too young to own a firearm or for reasons noted above regarding ineligible persons.
One way around this issue is to consider a gun trust.
A gun trust allows the firearm to pass through to your intended beneficiary and could protect your asset if the beneficiary is found to be ineligible to possess guns under Alabama law.
Concealed Carry Laws
Since the beginning of 2023, Alabama law has allowed eligible individuals to engage in permitless carry.
To be eligible, you must be 18 years or older and not prohibited from carrying a handgun under federal or state law.
Alabama currently does not issue out-of-state permits for concealed carry.
However, Alabama Criminal Code Section § 13A-11-85 recognizes the concealed carry permits of all other U.S. states.
States which recognize Alabama’s concealed-carry permits include:
- New Hampshire
- North Carolina
- South Dakota
This information is current as of June 2022 and can change. You must directly verify each state’s reciprocity laws before you carry a concealed weapon in that state.
Alabama Firearm Bill of Sale Sample
Below is an example of what an Alabama firearm bill of sale looks like.