An Oregon Firearm Bill of Sale (also called an Oregon Firearms Transfer Record) details a gun sale in Oregon.
The form contains the firearm seller’s and buyer’s signatures and information about the gun exchanged in the transaction.
Oregon has no waiting period for firearm sales nor does it require a bill of sale or gun registration.
How to Sell a Firearm Privately
All sales of firearms must be carried out through a federal firearms licensee (FFL), who must have a license from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) (Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.435) and ORS 166.435(2).
The exceptions are if the transfer is by or to a law enforcement agency or if the transfer is between immediate family members such as a spouse, domestic partner, parent, stepparent, child, stepchild, grandparent, grandchild, aunt, uncle, first cousin, niece or nephew.
Because of this, and the requirements for maintaining records, private sales are more difficult to transact in Oregon.
Anyone who sells or transfers a firearm in Oregon must conduct a background check on the prospective purchaser, retain a sale record, and provide an engaged trigger or cable lock. Dealers are also required to post a visible safety notice in their stores. (2021 SB 554)
Oregon does not specifically require a firearm bill of sale. The Oregon Firearms Transfer Record form contains the same information in a bill of sale.
if the transferee is an immediate family member of the deceased firearm owner.
Oregon prohibits the purchase of firearms by anyone who:
- Is under the age of 18
- Has been convicted of a felony under ORS 161.295 or a domestic violence misdemeanor
- Is the subject of domestic violence or extreme risk restraining order
- Is mentally ill or treated in a psychiatric facility per ORS 426.130
- Was committed to Oregon Health Authority under ORS 426.130
- Is prohibited from owning a firearm according to ORS 166.255. or ORS 426.133
Oregon has a separate law that prohibits transferring or selling a firearm to specific individuals, even if those individuals are not prohibited from possessing firearms under the law (Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.470(1).
Firearm Inheritance Laws
Oregon Rev. Stat. § 166.435(4)(d)(A) requires that a firearm passed through the death of the firearm owner must be carried out according to the requirements of the Probate Code and transferred by the personal representative of the estate or a trustee of a trust created in the will.
Such transfers can only occur if the transferee is an immediate family member of the deceased firearm owner.
Oregon does not register firearms. The state does maintain a database of licenses obtained by purchasers through licensed firearms dealers.
Firearms dealers must maintain a fingerprint record for five years after a sale or background check. Law enforcement may search these records upon presentation of a subpoena (Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.412).
Concealed Carry Permit
Oregon allows open carry of handguns and long guns (rifles and shotguns). You can only carry concealed handguns with a concealed handgun license in Oregon.
How To Apply
Oregon is a “shall-issue” state. This means the state will issue a concealed handgun license to anyone otherwise qualified.
However, sheriffs have some discretion in denying licenses to those they believe may be a threat to themselves or others based on their background check or past behavior (Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.293(2)).
An applicant is qualified for a concealed handgun license (per Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.291) if they:
- Are a US citizen or a legal resident alien
- Are At least 21 years old
- Are a resident of the county where they are applying for the permit
- Have not been convicted of any felonies or recent misdemeanors
- Demonstrate competence with a handgun, such as completion of a firearms safety training course
- Have not been committed or found to have a mental illness
- Have not been convicted of an offense involving controlled substances
- Are not required to register as a sex offender in any state
- Are not subject to a stalking protective order
Applicants must also provide two character references supporting their application and apply to their local sheriff’s office.
Step 1 – Get Application
Obtain an application for a Concealed Handgun License from your local sheriff’s department.
Step 2 – Complete Application and Gather Documentation
Complete the application and attach proof of:
- Competence with a firearm per ORS 166.291(1)(f);
- Residency in the county in which you are applying
- US citizenship or permanent residency in the country
Step 3 – Submit Application
Turn in your application to your local sheriff’s department.
Step 4 – Get Fingerprinted and Photographed
Consent to fingerprinting and photographing with your local sheriff’s department.
Step 5 – Pass Background Check
Pass a federally required background check.
Step 6 – Wait for Approval or Denial
Your sheriff’s office will approve or deny the application within 45 of receiving it.
Oregon has no laws regarding the ability of other permit carriers to carry concealed firearms in their state. County sheriffs can allow such permit-holders to carry within their counties.
Currently, 28 states honor Oregon concealed-carry permits.
Oregon Firearm Bill of Sale Sample
Below is an example of an Oregon firearm bill of sale.