A Michigan eviction notice helps landlords initialize the tenant eviction proceeding. The written document must be compliant with Michigan state law, state the reasons for eviction, and provide the tenant with the legally required amount of time to respond or vacate the premises.
Download a free eviction notice customized for Michigan state law below in MS Word (.docx) or Adobe PDF format.
Eviction Laws & Requirements
- Eviction Filing: Chapter 57 (Summary Proceedings to Recover Possession of Premises).
- Notice Requirements: Chapter 554 Real and Personal Property
- Grace Period for Rent Payment: No maximum limit on late fees and no grace period for rent payment required by Michigan law.
- Late or Non-Payment of Rent: 7 days (§ 554.134(2)).
- Notice of Non-Compliance: 7 days (§ 554.134(1)).
- Illegal Activity (Controlled Substance): 24 hours (§ 554.134(4)).
- Lease Termination Letter (Month-to-Month Lease): 30 days (§ 554.134(1)).
How to Evict a Tenant in Michigan
In Michigan, eviction lawsuits are governed by Chapter 57 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. These lawsuits are filed with the local District Court in the county in which the property is located.
Step 1: Provide an Eviction Notice
The landlord gives the tenant the appropriate eviction notice related to the reason for eviction. For instance, a 7-day notice to quit is required for non-payment of rent and lease violations.
Step 2: File a Summons and Complaint
If the tenant fixes the problem (when given the option) or moves out within the required timeframe, the landlord can’t take further action. However, if the tenant fails to cure the breach or move out, the landlord then files a Summons (DC 104) and Complaint (DC 102c) with the District Court, pays the court fee, and provides a copy of the notice to quit to the District Court.
Step 3: Go to Court
The tenant must appear in court within 10 days after receiving the court’s summon if they wish to defend against the eviction. The tenant, depending on the reasons for eviction, may file an Answer for: Non-Payment of Rent (DC 111a), Health/Hazard to Property (DC 111b), or Complaint to Recover Possession of Property (DC 111c).
Step 4: Wait on the Tenant’s Action
If the tenant doesn’t show up or the court favors the landlord, the tenant has 10 days to move out of the property.
Step 5: File a Writ of Eviction
If the tenant doesn’t move out of the property within 10 days, the landlord can file a Writ of Eviction (DC 107). If the court grants the Writ of Eviction, the sheriff will remove the tenant from the property.
Related Michigan Court Forms
Court Forms for Landlords:
- Complaint (DC 102c): This document begins the eviction process in Michigan and must be delivered by the landlord to the District Court.
- Summons (DC 104): The landlord must file this form as a request for the District Court to summon the tenant to court.
- Application and Order of Eviction (DC 107): If the tenant doesn’t move out within 10 days after the court has approved the eviction, the landlord must file this form with the District Court to ask the sheriff’s department to evict the tenant from the property.
Court Forms for Tenants:
- Answer for Non-Payment of Rent (DC 111a): A tenant who receives a summons for non-payment of rent notice must file this form with the District Court in order to appear at the hearing.
- Answer for Health/Hazard to Property (DC 111b): A tenant who receives an eviction notice due to causing health/hazard to the property must file this form with the District Court in order to defend themselves.
- Answer to Complaint to Recover Possession of Property (DC 111c): If the eviction is caused by any other breach of the lease, the tenant must use this form if they want to appeal the eviction action in court.