A Connecticut eviction notice helps landlords or property management companies begin the tenant eviction process. The document must follow Connecticut law and give your tenant the legally required time period to respond (i.e., correct a violation of the rental agreement) or move out.
Download a free form customized for Connecticut law below in MS Word (.docx) or Adobe PDF format.
15-Day Notice to Quit for Non-Compliance
Use this notice to begin evicting a tenant for a lease violation. In Connecticut, landlords must give tenants a 15-day notice period to either comply or vacate the property. During that time period, tenants may have the option to fix (or “cure”) the problem.
Eviction Laws & Requirements
- Eviction Notice: Landlords must generally give 3 days’ notice before obtaining a writ, summons, and complaint from a Superior Court Commissioner. (C.G.S.A. § 47a-23).
- Grace Period for Late Rent: Nine or four days ( week-to-week tenancy only). A landlord may not terminate the rental agreement or charge a late fee until after the expiration of the nine or four-day grace period. (Late Rent Grace Period and Fees and C.G.S.A. § 47a-15a).
- Notice of Late or Non-Payment of Rent: Three days (C.G.S.A. § 47a-15a).
- Notice of Non-Compliance: 15 days (C.G.S.A. § 47a-15).
- Notice of Illegal Conduct or Serious Nuisance: No notice required (C.G.S.A. §§ 47a-15 and 47a-31).
- Lease Termination (Month-to-Month): No notice required (C.G.S.A. § 47a-23).
How to Evict a Tenant in Connecticut
Step 1- Serve Notice
The landlord must first serve the tenant an eviction notice that states the reasons for the eviction (one or more lease violations). Those reasons could be non-payment of rent, violating the lease/rental agreement, illegal activity in the dwelling unit, or terminating a monthly tenancy.
The length of time required for the notice or any grace period depends on the reason for eviction. You can use personal service, mail, or a process server to serve the tenant with an eviction notice. This formally starts the eviction process.
Step 2 – File Eviction
If a tenant hasn’t responded (i.e., paid the past due rent) or moved out in the time specified in the notice, landlords may file a summons and complaint with the Superior Court in their county.
Step 3 – Issue Summons and Complaint
The next step in the eviction process is the Superior Court setting a hearing date and issuing the summons and complaint to be served on the tenant.
Step 4 – Tenant Answers or Defaults
If the tenant wants to contest the eviction, they must file an appearance with the Superior Court and a written answer to the summons and complaint within the time frame indicated on the summons.
If the tenant fails to respond, the landlord may bring a default motion for judgment for the tenant’s failure to appear or file pleadings to get a court judgment and order for possession.
Step 5 – Court Sets Trial Date
If the tenant files an answer to the complaint, a trial date is set typically between 7 to 10 days after the answer has been filed. Landlords may win a default judgment on their case if tenants fail to show up for the court date.
Step 6 – Court Issues Judgement
If the landlord wins (by default judgment if a tenant fails to show up for the hearing), a judicial officer enters a judgment against the tenant, and the landlord can request an execution order to remove the tenant from the premises.
This court order is served on the tenant by a state marshal. The tenant then has 24 hours to leave the premises, or their belongings may be placed in storage.
Step 7 – Tenant Appeals or Moves Out
The tenant has five days after the judgment to file an appeal. During that time, the landlord can’t execute the judgment (stay of execution). Only the state marshall can forcibly remove a tenant from a rental unit.
If the tenant files an appeal, the stay of execution extends until after the appeal process is complete unless the court finds the appeal was made merely for delay or other improper purposes (the maximum stay is three months). Remember that landlords must return any refundable portions of security deposits when tenants move out.
Documenting the property condition with a Rental Inspection Checklist is a good idea, so it’s easier to determine what damages are normal wear and tear versus excessive.
Related Connecticut Court Forms
- Notice to Quit (End) Possession: Notice a landlord provides notice to quit to the tenant to leave the rental unit for failing to pay the rent due.
- Summary Process (Eviction) Complaint, Nonpayment of Rent: This document begins the eviction lawsuit for non-payment of rent, stating the facts of the tenancy and non-payment.
- Summons – Summary Process (Eviction): Served with the complaint to notify the tenant they’re being evicted and what they must do.
- Summary Process (Eviction) Complaint, Termination of Lease by Lapse of Time: This document begins the eviction process for lease termination.
- Summary Process (Eviction), Answer to Complaint: The tenant answers the eviction lawsuit with this document, argues in their defense, and provides any proof of wrongdoing by the landlord, such as uninhabitable living conditions or accepting full payment of rent while proceeding with the eviction.
- Motion for Default for Failure to Appear and Judgment for Possession: The landlord files this if the tenant doesn’t appear in the eviction lawsuit.
- Motion for Judgment for Possession for Failure to Plead: The landlord files this if the tenant doesn’t file an answer to the eviction lawsuit.
- Reply to Special Defenses: The landlord may respond to the tenant’s defenses to the eviction.
- Summary Process Execution for Possession (Eviction): The court issues this document after the landlord wins the court case and is used to remove the tenant from the rental premises (only a state marshall can forcibly remove the tenant).